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Le Cameroun a besoin des Etats-Unis et les Etats-Unis du Cameroun !

Le Club de Mediapart | Etat pivot d’Afrique Centrale, le Cameroun est avant tout un havre de stabilité. Depuis sa réunification post-coloniale, le 1er janvier 1960, ce pays tire son épingle du jeu face aux Nations qui l’entourent (Nigéria, Tchad, Centrafrique, Guinée Equatoriale, Gabon, et Congo Brazzaville). Les Etats-Unis, aujourd’hui et plus que jamais, ont besoin du Cameroun. Et vis-et-versa. Voilà pourquoi…

L’économie du Cameroun est la plus diversifiée d’Afrique centrale, non seulement grâce à de nombreuses implantations étrangères mais aussi à de nombreux groupes nationaux. On retrouve dans le pays, des activités très variées notamment dans les secteurs forestiers et agricoles (cultures de rente et vivrières), les hydrocarbures, l’industrie autour des boissons, sucrerie, huilerie, savonnerie, minoterie, aluminium, ciment, métallurgie, première transformation du bois, etc.
Entre 2014 et 2017, la coopération entre les Etats-Unis et le Cameroun, dans de nombreux domaines, a été considérablement renforcée avec un volume total de 2,2 milliards de dollars.

Parmi les secteurs ciblés par les financements américains durant ces trois années figurent la santé, l’éducation, l’environnement, la défense, les infrastructures et les transports. De nombreux emplois ont été créés grâce à l’émergence des entreprises américaines dans ces deux derniers secteurs. Récemment et à titre d’exemple, une entreprise privée américaine, la Southwest international construction corporation, a investit 12,5 millions de dollars pour la construction d’un marché de commerce (plus 1400 points de vente) à Daoula.

Et au niveau de la défense, il ne s’agit pas seulement d’aider une armée à se moderniser. Il s’agit d’aider une Nation à combattre des organisations terroristes. Et dans ce domaine, les Etats-Unis peuvent être satisfaits: la coopération américano-camerounaise est un succès considérable: elle a permis d’écraser les islamistes de Boko Haram dans la région Nord (aux frontières du Nigéria et du Tchad).

Aujourd’hui, la coopération américaine doit encore s’intensifier ; non seulement pour la stabilité du Cameroun mais aussi parce que Yaoundé subit des pressions d’autres puissances qui aimeraient gagner en influence dans cette région riche d’Afrique.

Outre les Chinois déjà très présents dans le domaine de l’infrastructure, la Russie tente aussi une percée… Moscou ne serait pas contre un accès au port de Kribi et quelques contrats juteux en matière d’armement et d’import/export de ressources locales.

En renforçant l’influence américaine au Cameroun, Washington s’assure d’un allié fiable et stable – tandis que Yaoundé se rassure et peut préparer l’émergence du pays sereinement et sous de meilleures auspices.

Alors que tout laisse penser que nous vivons ces derniers mois l’équivalent d’une guerre froide, les Etats-Unis ont, plus que jamais, besoin d’intensifier leurs aides et leur présence au Cameroun – et le Cameroun à plus que jamais besoin du soutien américain – ne serait-ce que pour lutter contre les groupes islamistes du Nord, et terroristes des régions Nord-Ouest et Sud-Ouest.

D’autant que là aussi, tout porte à croire que des influences étrangères – politiques et financières ; font tout leur possible pour troubler et perturber l’équilibre du pays et de la région ; aux dépends des intérêts du peuple Camerounais et aussi de ceux du gouvernement américain.

Dans ce jeu de realpolitik, l’école de pensée des “réalistes” (majoritairement issue des pays anglo-saxons, ce terme est utilisé dans un sens de recherche de l’intérêt national au-delà des clivages idéologiques) doit l’emporter sur celle des Marxistes.

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11 comments

  1. A symbiotic relationship consists in a healthy give-and-take. Good reporting requires not only a documentation of what is being given but also what is being received in return.

    Which brings one back to the basics – Education. To go on roof tops and shout the value of sending children to school is one thing. Letting the products of schooling/education speak for itself is another. Look at the end products of the education dispensed!!!!
    #1) An elite of Cameroon shouts at the top of his voice, using the vilest of languages, the the US has not lessons to teach Cameroon; before the dust settles, Minister Issa Tchiroma journeys to South Africa to give lectures on how to not allow SCBC operate there.

    #2) How can it be conveniently denied that all 75 villages of the NW/SW regions were burnt down

    • by civilians nicknamed “terrorists” when so many pictures show military men in uniform carrying out the acts? What education trains people to lie on such a scale?

      • @JD, that Tchiroma guy did not hear or has suddenly forgotten, what befell
        his compatriot in Libya, during the reign of Ghadaffi. Similarly, his master Biya,
        fools himself to think that the outside world, is behind him. Their greatest shock
        and surprises, awaits them.

  2. @john dinga

    1)you need to know you cant just blame the government, therefore both sides are wrong.

    2)you forget to mention here even so-called ” ambasonias ” had killed too and promised death threat to civilians.” by burning churches, school, raped young girl, beheaded school principal, kidnapped authorities and others.

    why are you forget to mention that too ” so don’t come here and lecture us “

    • BAMENDABOY:- i think u are also the cause of this crisis and struggle..
      Do you remember that teachers went to the streets to protect our schools and education system?..
      In the villages of the NWP and SWP, the francophone teachers were so poor in English and ended up explaining Maths, Physics and biology in Douala Pidgin and broken English..
      IF you are a cameroonian, I would say your English is too bad to mention..
      Please we will like to understand your oppinion..Why dont just write in French?..
      You seem to be that ATANGANA who was teaching in one of those villages in the NWP and SWP..
      I know you dont want to learn English because you were raised to think its a language spoken by backward and second class citizens.You dont need to now, just write what you think in French, ok?..
      Good

  3. Desperation will not stop the congressional hearing with Professor Nganang as a witness. By fire, by force Biya must go!

  4. Cameroon is honestly a failed state: a state whose political or economic system has become so weak that the government is no longer in control. Cameroons political body has disintegrated to a point where basic conditions and responsibilities of a sovereign government no longer function properly..
    – The government thought they were dealing with weak people..
    – Biya thought he is a king and is the only smart man who knows cameroon..
    – The government is made up Bandits, thieves and people who cant deliver..
    When people protest, an honest government listens to them and propose solution. When Gangsters like Biya and his Gang think that repression, Suppression is the answer to peaceful demonstrations, then why are we surprise when the country is at war..We need freedom and liberation-period.

  5. Dites-le aux moutons de ce forum.

  6. Living in denial may be a chosen lifestyle but denying the truth does not make it a lie. Some truths are painful and so those who hate pains end up denying the truth.
    Freedom is great and we all love freedom. But freedom comes with a price! Professor Patrice Nganang, aCameroonian-born US citizen has regained his freedom, thanks to spending three weeks of forced imprisonment in Cameroon.

    That is just a mere tip of the iceberg of someone who has earned the moniker of “Ambazonian” for daring to do what is virtually taboo in many quarters – speak out and bear witness to the Anglophone cause as a Francophone. Very few venture along that path in a country that has endorsed silence to cover up a catalogue of inconvenient truths, the most blatant being that those who fight for a cause –

    • Why is silence bought and paid for so dearly? Why is the history of the nation put aside in preference for a distorted version? Patrice Nganang provides eloquent answers. Those who fought against the independence of Cameroon( Ahidjos) find themselves ruling while the real fighters are eclipsed and their names and activities rendered taboo in history books. The perfidy did not even end with Ahidjo who handpicked his “Constitutional Successor” and handed over to him in spite of the laws. As apples hardly fall far from apple trees, Ahidjo himself was tried and condemned to death by his own chosen successor who cannot stomach the notion of bringing Ahidjo’s corpse from Senegal to Cameroon for burial.

      And so it goes. Anglophones came on board and joined the dance – Foncha, Muna, John FNdi?