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End of a ‘secret’ German military mission in Cameroon

Deutsche Welle | The announcement that Germany has ended its military mission in Cameroon came as a surprise to many who were unaware of the presence of German soldiers in the conflict-torn African country.

Besides Cameroon, Niger and Tunisia are two other African countries where Germany has military and police training missions not mandated by its parliament. Germany’s defense ministry confirmed to DW that, according to the law, the government does not have to ask the Bundestag for approval to send military instructors to peaceful countries as long as the German military is not involved in any direct confrontation on the ground. Berlin also has no obligation to inform deputies about the particulars of these missions.

Christoph Hoffmann, head of the parliamentary group for Central Africa and spokesperson for development issues for the liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP), has no problem per se with the procedure, even if it bypasses the elected deputies. After all, no one complains about German soldiers taking part in Canadian training operations. Also, helping other countries militarily makes good sense.

“The mission in Cameroon started four years ago, at a time when there were great problems with Boko Haram in the north of Cameroon. And I think it is a humanitarian act to help Cameroon defend themselves against terrorists and terrorism,” he told DW. But in the meantime the situation changed dramatically: “The German military mission [in Cameroon] should have ended two years ago, after the conflict between the Anglophone and the Francophone communities in the southwest turned violent,” Hoffmann said.

Pressure from the Bundestag

If it hadn’t been for another deputy, Stefan Liebich from the opposition Left party, the news that Berlin had ended the mission in Cameroon would most likely not have reached the public.

Missions like these are treated almost like state secrets, with only as many people in the know as is strictly necessary. Liebich asked the Defense Ministry directly and was informed that the mission had ended “as scheduled,” information he shared with the media.

“The wording ‘on schedule’ was a little bit disingenuous,” Liebich told DW. Only a couple of weeks ago, the government had said that it would decide on whether to prolong the mission by midyear. “That was actually why I asked now, and was then told about the termination. I believe that if it hadn’t been for the public debate and the discussion in parliament, the mission would probably be ongoing,” he said.

The debate was launched several months ago by Hans-Peter Bartels, parliamentary spokesperson for matters concerning the Bundeswehr and a member of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), a partner in Chancellor Angela Merkel’s ruling coalition. Bartels’ public criticism of the government for bypassing the Bundestag first called the parliamentarians’ attention to the existence of the ‘secret’ missions, according to Liebich.

‘A good role for Germany’

Ibrahim Mouiche is not so much interested in Berlin’s secrecy as in Germany’s capacity to help his country. The political scientist from the University Yaounde II in the Cameroonian capital, who is currently a guest lecturer at the Arnold-Bergstraesser-Institute in Germany, points out that there were at any one time at most ten German instructors in Cameroon, who took part in an international mission there. Mouiche believes that such help can be useful. “We have the Anglophone crisis, but also Boko Haram and, in the east, rebels from the Central African Republic who often infiltrate our territory. I think there is an argument for training the security forces,” Mouiche told DW.

Mouiche acknowledged that the Cameroonian army does not seem very motivated to end the conflict “from which they obviously benefit.” But he felt that it was too easy to blame only the government’s side for the abuse and violence. “Some Anglophone separatists have turned to banditry and are causing suffering to the Anglophones themselves.” Germany, Mouiche says, has a bigger role to play in Cameroon: “Yaounde does not have a firm political will to negotiate. Germany and the European Union can help put pressure on the Paul Biya government,” he said.

Christoph Hoffmann agrees. On a recent trip to Cameroon he talked to colleagues in the Yaounde parliament. “All of them asked for Chancellor Merkel to come to Cameroon and initiate a mediation process.” German parties have signed a joint letter to the chancellor to this effect. “It would be a good role for Germany,” Hoffmann said.’

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  1. It just keeps getting ugly for LRC. The noose just keep tightening

    • Amba boys are now beating the s### out of women’s butts, real snake beatings—laripoublik soldiers made women swim in mud.

      Who’s fooling who?…

  2. Interesting to know that Germany, like the US and Israel, were responsible for providing the training that enabled professional soldiers to shoot in legitimate self-defense a Bui ten-year old school boy on his way to school as well as a sleeping four-month-old old baby in Muyuka.

    • Camer believer (Colby)

      Hope you have proof of what you saying.

    • The mask has fallen.
      Your rue Colors are now known.
      Your middle ground approach is history.
      Keep it up

      • Mbappe genocidaire scum. Your own Bulu mask fell long time ago yet you are still hiding behind the patriotism veil and propagating ethnic cleansing. Take the tree out of your eye b fire struggling to point the peck in another’s ! Hard core tribalist.

        • @Dot preach bro .That ethnocentric bastard never cease to amaze me. A condom could have prevented the birth of this human scum called mbappe.

    • Nailed it

  3. Any well meaning country or government cannot be on the side of laripoublik

    • Camer believer (Colby)

      Is it the same English people have been advocating for or the one of Shakespeare?

  4. Maybe mr Hoffman should of told his colleagues in Yaoundé to do the job themselves ( it’s what they are paid and voted in to do)and he should of notified his own colleges back home and defense minister two years ago that the mandate was not adderring to the strict German regulation.
    The Bundestag can now answer German citizens , haul the defense minister in and publicly ask her why on earth she ignored the crisis development of 2 years ago .
    I’m sure even heading the European Union dosnt restrict her in this duty ,at all.
    Light heartedly using Canada as a comparison when the subject is an ex Germany colony ( even if it was a long time ago ..it wasn’t exactly Cameroon’s best period ) is extremely misleading ,insulting to families who lost loved ones under that rule and stupid.

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